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Few gamblers anywhere in the world have matched your success or skill.
Stanford Wong, the pioneer and trailblazer for many card counters like me.
Your astute insights paved the way and showed us all how to win at blackjack.
When I was about twelve I started unlocking the secrets of blackjack.
Some people doubted that blackjack could be beaten, but I was convinced that Thorp presented a valid winning system.
I learned his TenCount System, tu 160 blackjack supersonic bomber your then had to wait until I turned twenty-one before I could use my new skill in Nevada.
The game keeps changing, so progressive betting systems in blackjack are flawed peace is always a need for new books with the most current information.
Since I published Professional Blackjack in 1974, many other books on card counting have appeared.
Kevin Blackwood is the latest author to make a contribution vi Foreword to this science.
Blackwood is a high-stakes pro who spent years in the trenches.
He claims to have won over a million dollars at the game, and I have no reason to doubt that he has.
Can you do that, too?
Well, yes, you can, if you really want to.
So good luck, and may you make the casinos pay for this book many times over!
Blackjack tables all over the world.
I chose this unusual line of work for only one reason—to make money.
And I succeeded, becoming one of the top blackjack players in the country.
How did I win in a game where everyone is expected to lose?
More important, is it possible for you to follow in my footsteps and routinely withdraw money from casinos?
These qualities ultimately separate the few who viii Introduction actually make a living at blackjack from those who frequent the glitzy temples of chance only to help pay the light bill.
The truth is that anyone with reasonable intelligence can learn to count cards and win at blackjack.
Determination is far more important than aptitude, and my main strength is a dogged tenacity.
Finding the hottest clubs takes hard work and extra effort.
Like other card counters, I still made periodic pilgrimages to the gambling Mecca known as Sin City, but to beat blackjack on a consistent basis required hard work and a willingness to boldly go where few had gone before.
REALITY My gambling philosophy could be summed up in two words— aggressive and selective.
I always sought to maximize my wins by spreading aggressively whenever I had the edge.
Also, I was extremely selective in choosing casinos, absolutely refusing to play marginal games.
It takes a great deal of perseverance to overcome the Introduction ix many obstacles facing card counters, and far too many settle for mediocre blackjack conditions.
The result is most players never reach the highest levels.
These people gravitate to card counting because they want the kind of job in which, when everyone else rolls out of bed in the morning, they just roll over.
However, trading in your paycheck for casino chips is anything but easy, and not for the faint of heart.
It takes steel nerves and thick skin to remain unaffected by the kaleidoscope of emotions bombarding you at the tables.
Yet there are few legal jobs anywhere in the world that offer the potential of clearing ten grand a month from just a few days of work.
So the reward is great, and I know it can be done.
I started out with only a small amount of cash and have won over a million dollars at apologise, blackjack books free charming blackjack tables.
Very few individual players in the world can make that claim, and I will share many anecdotes from my career to help you learn from my experience.
But my life has been far from a picture-perfect fairy tale.
Thousands of other skilled players learned the same winning principles and attacked casinos all over the globe.
Anthony Curtis—probably the most visible face of anyone today in the gambling world because of his frequent TV appearances.
Rick Blaine—a seasoned pro who has led some of the biggest blackjack teams.
Every chart, graph, story, or example in this book is written to help answer the one central question in the minds of most readers: can you become a pro?
The good news is that the skills and techniques needed to become a winning blackjack player can be mastered by nearly anyone and are easier to learn than poker, where you also need to read your opponents in addition to learning the correct strategies.
Almost everyone can improve their game and win more often, and I will offer several different levels of playing ability, from beginner to expert.
However, some of the names and places have been changed or are composites to protect the identities of the innocent or in some cases, the guilty.
But as long as the game of Introduction xi blackjack has been dealt, there have been legal ways to reverse the odds and beat the house.
Play Blackjack Like the Pros will give you the knowledge to exploit those weaknesses and become a consistent winner.
A large number of tourists think they play basic strategy accurately.
They may even have read a book or bought a laminated card intended to teach them the correct method.
Yet in the fast-paced environment of the casino, what little they learned often melts away in the heat of battle.
They never quite embedded proper strategy into their brain so it became second nature.
Instead, they use some combination of correct plays and hunches.
Inevitably, the next time the tourist receives the dreaded 16, he gives up on basic strategy and stands.
This time the dealer draws the paint and pays the table.
The 2 Play Blackjack Like the Pros tourist is pleased and elated that he could outsmart the experts.
I will discuss a few of these misconceptions in this chapter to illuminate why blackjack is different from other casino games, and show the real reasons why it can be beaten.
SELECTIVE MEMORY Like some mythical monsters, selective memory rears its ugly head in many shapes and forms.
The above illustration of hitting stiffs is fairly common, as players tend to remember big hands or jackpots they won.
They often give themselves the credit for wins and blame outside sources for their losses.
But over the long run you are paying a high price for that short-term pleasure.
The best example of selective memory comes from huge wins.
However, tourists typically display much more selective memory of their ups and downs in gambling.
Most invariably look me straight in the eye and say they are ahead.
This obviously cannot be the case, or Donald Trump would have to get a real job.
Possibly the worst thing check this out happens to these players is when they have that one big killer day at the tables.
Then you feel bulletproof.
You always remember how easy it was and tend to overlook all the losing trips.
But even huge jackpots can be squandered away if you play long enough.
The best way to counter this fallacy is to keep good records.
Only if you maintain an accurate log can you get a true appraisal of what your hobby is costing you.
Otherwise, you are just guessing.
Most people fail to face up to reality.
Don Henley sang that there are three sides to every story— yours, mine, and the cold hard truth.
Dealers do have streaks, and some days it seems like they never bust.
However, unless you happen to be Nostradamus, there is absolutely no way to determine the future.
You can perceive with your own eyes that the dealer is riding a hot or cold streak— 4 Play Blackjack Like the Pros that is reality.
Yet there is absolutely no way to know when it will end.
Past results never affect future results.
I could cite several mathematical reasons for this, but let me give you a practical example.
If the cards remain unchanged as she takes over no burn cardwhat will happen over the rest of the shoe?
Exactly the same thing that would have happened if the bald dealer had stayed at the table.
Dealers unless they are cheating have absolutely no control over the cards.
So the only thing that would be different in our illustration is that playing the rest of the shoe might become more pleasant, since you at least had a nicer-looking adversary across the table.
blackjack hand ever IDIOTS Bad players and bad decisions even out over time.
Again, selective memory is at work here because we tend to remember the time it hurt us when that stupid punch-drunk sailor at third base accidentally hit his hard 18 and caused everyone at the table to lose.
Whenever one of these dimwits makes a truly horrendous play and it works, he always remembers that one wonderful moment of success and is encouraged to keep doing it.
It might have been different back in the mobrun era of Las Vegas, and some early blackjack authors were overly paranoid about cheating and spread this legend.
But today the chance of getting cheated is virtually nil.
So you have no reason to get angry at dealers.
They have no control over the outcome.
My suggestion is to be polite to them in either circumstance.
And if you tip, it only makes sense to tip the same amount whether you win or lose.
I will leave it up to you whether to respond at that moment with a tip equaling a generous portion of your winnings or with a mathematical discourse on the erroneous theory of hot dealers.
The fallacy in this thinking is blatantly obvious—money is money.
Whether you obtained it by working in the factory for forty hours or found it on the sidewalk, it still has the same value.
However, the distinction comes in how it is appreciated by the holder.
Money you slaved over to earn is less likely to be wasted than a big jackpot you won on a whim at the slot carousel.
True professionals purge themselves of this mentality.
They know that if someone feels compelled to buy a new boat after a nice fat win, they might also have to sell it after a big loss on their next trip.
Adopting a long-run mentality is important if you want to keep your newfound loot rather than squander it.
One of the best known is the Martingale system.
It is commonly assumed that you will never lose too many hands in a row, but it does happen.
You would think this form of betting is foolproof and logical because you have to win sooner or later.
Every mathematical simulation done on blackjack will tell you the same thing—progressive betting will never make you a winner over the long haul.
If the house has a 1 percent edge on a given game, then you will lose approximately 1 percent of your money regardless of how often you change your bets.
In the short run, you might get lucky and push out the big guns at the right time.
If progressive betting makes you happy and gives you a more pleasurable gaming experi- The Myths of Blackjack 7 ence, then feel free to continue frolicking.
However, if your concept of fun involves winning rather than losing, then let me explain how card counting works.
CARD COUNTING 101 This section is markedly different from the earlier part of the chapter because card counting is not just another false system.
Indeed, the casinos would like people to dismiss card counting as just another one of the myths of gambling—one that is impossible to do without a photographic memory—or is an outdated technique that no longer exists because of six-deck shoes.
If becoming a winning card counter were truly unattainable for us mortals, then my writing and you reading this book would be a complete waste of time.
Yet it can be done—by people like me and by readers like you.
Later chapters will cover the how of card counting.
At this juncture all I will cover is the why.
It is only natural that some people are skeptical of card counting.
Almost every game of chance has its share of quacks selling books with a secret system guaranteed to beat the house.
Unfortunately, they forgot to put the truth in the blurbs—that the only way they got rich was by selling suckers their book, not by using their anniversary date to beat the lottery.
I suggest you check out the credentials of anyone who wants to sell you a book showing how to win easy money.
My guess is few of their tax returns would measure up to their claims.
MEMORY I consistently won because blackjack is different from other casino games.
This quirk that allows people to exploit the game is best illustrated by two key words—dependent and independent.
They also have some applications in mathematics and show why the game of twenty-one differs markedly from other table games.
Craps and roulette are the best models to illustrate the concept of independent trial processes.
Simply put, it means each new roll or spin is totally independent of any previous results.
This is intuitive to most people, yet commonly ignored.
For example, a shooter may be hot as a pistol at the craps table.
Yet the odds against him throwing another seven on his next roll is exactly the same as when he started—5 to 1.
The dice have absolutely no memory, and the past does not affect the future.
A tourist may be monitoring the sequence of numbers that have hit over the last few hours at the wheel.
However, the odds again remain unchanged.
However, blackjack is different because the past does impact the future.
So the starting composition and ratios between high and low cards is constantly changing as cards are removed.
The easiest way to illustrate this principle is with aces, which give the player about a 50 percent starting advantage to begin his hand.
The main reason for this monster edge is because every snapper you pull pays an extra bonus.
But the odds of receiving a blackjack can change dramatically each round.
For example, if half the cards are removed from a single deck and all four aces remain, your chances for starting a hand with an ace would now be about 1 in 7 rather than 1 in 13.
However, if all four aces are gone, then your odds of getting that coveted blackjack would be very easy to calculate—zero.
So here we have a game that offers astute players useful information from previous hands.
Blackjack is different from craps and roulette because it does have memory.
Skillful observers can track The Myths of Blackjack 9 the subtle changes in deck compositions and jump their bets when there is an excess of tens and aces in the remaining cards.
Sharp readers might question this concept since the dealer has the same chance of receiving great cards as the players.
That is true, but there are three main reasons why high counts tip the odds against the house in these situations.
I will normally use feminine terms to refer to dealers and masculine terms for players, not for any sexist reasons, but simply to make it clearer to follow.
Second, players have the ability to double down on their bets—an especially attractive option in positive counts when the remaining deck composition has a greater percentage of tens than normal while the dealer can only hit.
Last, the dealer is required to hit all her stiffs 12—16 and tends to bust those hands much more frequently in high counts because the deck is rich in big cards.
This should help explain why counting can create an edge over the house for smart players who pay close attention to what cards have been played.
The advantage primarily comes from correctly raising your bets during the high counts, since the remaining decks are loaded with more face cards and aces than normal.
While growing up in Maine, no one I knew considered professional gambling as a possible vocation.
At that time few casinos even existed outside Nevada.
Second, most frugal New Englanders frowned upon any conspicuous waste of their hardearned cash.
Though gambling no longer carried the same stigma previous generations attached to it, I had grown up in a church that frowned upon playing cards of any type, let alone gambling.
So I started out as one of the most unlikely candidates for a future career in card counting.
One day in the library, I took a break from some stimulating studies on ancient Near Eastern archaeology and browsed the magazine rack.
A story about gamblers in an old Beating the House 11 Sports Illustrated article caught my attention.
He had masterminded several card-counting teams that won millions from the casinos.
This was pretty much all the money I had at that time, but I expected my pauper days to end soon, so the trip seemed well worth the risk.
I learned a simple counting system on the plane, then mastered basic strategy on the boring ride from Reno to the state capital.
However, none of those dreams of the future included the next sequence of events.
As quickly as the pile of chips had grown in front of me, they vanished.
Soon, I not only lost all my winnings, but all my money.
It was embarrassing, to say the least.
I had foolishly told several of my friends how I intended to make my mark in the blackjack 12 Play Blackjack Like the Pros world.
Historically, gambling clubs have welcomed system players to their tables with open arms.
Dreams usually die slowly for most people, but Las Vegas has a way of speeding up that process.
Some players might get lucky, but casinos rest assured that no one will win over the long run.
This edge measures 1.
There are many decisions to make, and to a great extent you control your own destiny depending on whether you correctly decide to hit or stand.
Yet back in the days of the abacus, lucky nugget casino 20 free spins one could be certain how each hand should be played.
Many gamblers before 1960 simply mimicked the dealer by hitting all hands until they reached a total of 17.
This technique sliced through a bankroll faster than a machete through a pineapple, and put players at a very stiff 5.
Edward Thorp saw that blackjack was different from other games in that the past could affect the future.
This unique characteristic sparked a revolution in the gambling industry.
There were rumors of a few intuitive individuals who deduced that the odds changed as cards were played.
Perhaps they just estimated how many face cards and aces remained near the end of a deck.
The best published playing strategy available at that time recommended splitting only aces and never doubling down, a very ill-advised tactic that placed players at a 3.
A group of four mathematicians changed all that in the 1950s, starting a chain of events that eventually rocked the entire gambling world.
THE COMPUTER AGE Roger Baldwin, Wilbert Cantey, Herbert Maisel, and James McDermott were four bright minds that fate brought together at the U.
All of them shared a passionate interest in the game of blackjack.
Evidently, they also shared a lot of free time, because over a three-year period, they painstakingly analyzed and dissected the nuances of their favorite card game.
This was before the advent of computers, and all their calculations had to be tediously worked out on desk calculators.
Their calculations showed an incredible improvement 14 Play Blackjack Like the Pros and reduced the hefty disadvantage from nearly 4 percent for those using what was previously considered to be the best-known strategy to only 0.
However, their message fell on deaf ears, even though later studies showed their strategy was far stronger than they thought and actually made players a slight favorite +0.
He then set out to devise a way to isolate those swings and turn them into lucrative betting opportunities.
He used a highspeed for that era IBM computer at MIT to prove his theory.
He then took his theories out of the classroom and tested them at the blackjack tables.
He published his conclusions, along with a few accounts of his casino adventures, in 1962.
Beat the Dealer quickly became a best seller.
Ironically, just the opposite happened.
Very few players were capable of mastering the complex Ten-Count system Thorp offered in his book.
Yet the public now knew that smart players could win, Beating the House 15 and many mistakenly judged themselves capable of beating the game.
The rules soon returned to normal as pit bosses realized how few would-be card counters could actually beat them in the long run.
Then he quietly https://indonesiaairsoft.com/blackjack/pravila-igry-v-blackjack.html on to more scholarly pursuits.
He had unlocked the key to the casino vaults by proving that blackjack could be beaten, but he felt no desire to go any further.
Instead, Thorp left those riches for future followers to chase.
However, the easy money most envisioned never materialized.
My blackjack career seemed just as likely to end up in the toilet.
Most at that point either gave up on card counting or quit blackjack altogether.
Yet I hated losing.
I was highly competitive, and it upset me to walk away like a spanked puppy.
So I tried to analyze where I might have gone wrong.
Eventually, I realized how comical that scenario sounded.
The odds had to change as cards were removed from the deck.
That simple fact elevated blackjack over any other game of chance.
All it took was one good book by Ken Uston to get me back in the game.
The previous text I had read painted too simplistic a portrait of how to beat blackjack.
More important, it clearly showed why I had failed.
I made the classic error of rushing in unprepared.
After gleaning wisdom from a few other authors, I decided to plunge back into the waters.
This time I knew I had to master correct strategy before I entered the casino.
Once you are inside, it is too late.
So for my second bite of the cherry I got very serious.
I wanted to be the favorite.
I wanted to win.
This time I practiced at home rather than at the school of hard knocks.
Experience taught me that casinos were expensive places to learn how to count.
TESTING ONE, TWO, THREE It is impossible to overstate how important proper preparation is.
Without it, your gambling adventures may end up like mine started.
Over the next month, I drilled the rudiments of blackjack into my brain and systematically counted down thousands of decks.
Perhaps the most important part of the process occurred every evening when I converted the dinette set into a blackjack table and dealt myself hands for a couple of hours.
I used chips to bet and meticulously recorded the results from each session.
That is exactly what happened.
My results showed two out of every three nights on average were winners.
So I knew it could be done—at least in the comfort of my own kitchen.
Many distractions bombard your senses in the casinos and I wanted to shield link from their subtle attacks.
Most beginners are wisest in starting out with a one-level count where the individual card values are never higher than plus or minus 1but I wanted to get every available edge.
Also, I planned to play mostly single deck initially, and the more advanced counting systems are much stronger for those games.
One trick I could do at home was to always check my count at the end of the deck.
In a casino you may think you are counting correctly, but there is no way to know for sure since only a portion of the cards are ever seen.
I eventually got to the point where I rarely made a mistake.
I knew I could beat blackjack at home, but worried that my abilities might still come up short in the real world.
Two thin twenties folded neatly into my wallet.
At that time I lived in Oregon, and many towns had legalized social gaming in their taverns.
Encouraged, I decided to make a couple trips a week over the next few months.
My practice paid off this time and I continued winning.
Usually, bankrolls go up and down, but I never had to dip beyond that initial forty bucks.
That was all I started with and, despite being seriously undercapitalized, was surprisingly all I ever needed.
Besides receiving far more than my fair share of luck, I was also extremely fortunate to have numerous single-deck games within a short drive to play with no heat.
Living close kept my expenses down, and avoiding the scrutiny of pit bosses gave me an ideal transition into my new career.
I quickly decided this was my new vocation and not just a hobby.
I still made mistakes, even on my second go-round.
No book can turn you into a winner unless you are willing to master the material.
It does take a lot of hard work and tenacity.
Yet blackjack can be beaten, and anyone with an average aptitude and good discipline can become a winning player.
I have taught many players how to win at blackjack, so I know what works.
One of my earliest pupils was Alex Strickland, and I will use him as a model to show how beginning players should approach the game.
After many years of blackjack, I am very polished in the way I play, but, unfortunately, I also can only imagine the part about the supermodels.
But https://indonesiaairsoft.com/blackjack/6-deck-blackjack-house-odds.html rules and etiquette of blackjack are actually fairly easy to learn.
If you are not a novice and are already familiar with these terms, then I suggest you skip this chapter entirely and move right on to chapter 4.
The Rules of Blackjack 21 1.
Find an open spot, and then lay your cash on the felt.
The dealer will slide an equal amount of chips back across the felt to you.
If the game is one- or two-deck, the dealer will hold the cards in her hand and deal every player two cards face down.
Her hand will always start off with one card exposed and one card hidden, regardless of the number of decks.
On the felt in front of your chair is a betting circle or box.
You can change your bets from hand to hand, but you can never alter your wager once it is placed in the betting box.
Rules Blackjack rules are fairly standardized worldwide, with a few minor variations.
One variation is whether the casino hits on soft 17 a soft hand is any hand that counts an ace as 11 rather than 1.
This is usually spelled out right on the felt.
However, other rule changes are harder to ascertain, such as when you can double down.
In Vegas it is typically on any two cards, but in Reno, it might be restricted to just 10 or 11.
As a teacher once told me, there are no stupid questions, just a lot of inquisitive idiots.
Value of Cards Most cards are valued exactly the same as their pip number.
For example, a 7 is always worth 7 points.
Face cards jack, queen, and king all have the same value as a 10 10 pointsand individual suits clubs, hearts, spades, or diamonds make no difference whatsoever.
The ace is the only tricky card since it can be used either as 1 or 11, depending on the hand.
Decisions, Decisions The great appeal of blackjack lies in the many decisions available to players.
Each hand presents a wide range of choices.
You can hit take another card to improve your hand or stand if you are happy with the total you already have.
Other options are doubling down doubling your original bet and receiving only one more cardsplitting making two separate hands out of a pair https://indonesiaairsoft.com/blackjack/blackjack-systems-review.html matching the original betsurrendering forfeiting one-half of your original bet and throwing in your hand chart thorp blackjack, and insurance a hedge bet available when the dealer shows an ace as her upcard.
The Rules of Blackjack 23 7.
If you win, she pays even money on your bet.
If you have a lower total than the dealer or bust out exceed a point total of 21you lose and she takes your chips.
In the event of a tie, called a push, nobody wins and no money changes hands.
The object of the game is to have a higher total than the dealer without busting.
Examples You are playing at a table with two other gentlemen.
After a moment of hesitation, you decide to hit the 14.
In this case you and the two other players all draw face cards and bust exceed 21 and the dealer wins all bets without even having to play her cards.
Surprisingly, the main advantage for the house in blackjack lies in the simple fact that the dealer always acts last.
Your next hand is a 13.
The dealer now shows a 9 as her upcard.
You choose to stand this time, thus making sure you are still alive at the end.
Standing is signaled by waving over the top of your cards in a faceup game or tucking the cards under your chips in a handheld game.
Unfortunately, the dealer has a king in the hole and her 19 makes you a loser again.
Trying to outguess the dealer like this is ultimately a losing proposition.
Only by learning correct basic strategy can you have any realistic chance of moving from novice to expert.
Other options like doubling down and splitting involve putting more money into play, so it is critical to learn the correct strategy.
A good time to double down is when you 24 Play Blackjack Like the Pros have totals of 10 or 11 for your starting two cards.
This is because nearly a third of the time you will receive a 10 that includes all face cards for your double down progressive betting systems in blackjack are flawed peace a strong total of 20 or 21.
Each one of these unless starting with a pair of aces can be hit more than once unlike the double down.
Someone always wins and someone always loses.
In blackjack, you can decide which you want to be— the victor or the vanquished.
In every casino there is a massive redistribution of wealth going on with the rich the house usually getting richer.
Basic strategy for blackjack is the foundation for any future exploits in the world of card counting.
Unless you master basic strategy, you are unlikely to ever beat blackjack in the long run.
It is very common for seasoned gamblers to assume they already play their hands correctly and to think they know the answers to all the questions.
Yet there is an exact and correct way to play each and every hand.
This is not 26 Play Blackjack Like the Pros some secret I have conjured up or just my opinion—it is a fact beyond a shadow of a doubt.
Basic strategy was determined from years of research and by running literally billions of hands through computer simulators.
There really is no debate over the optimal way to play blackjack if you want to achieve the highest return for your gambling dollar.
However, progressive betting systems in blackjack are flawed peace superstitious gamblers still play their hands differently, https://indonesiaairsoft.com/blackjack/smoke-free-casinos-in-shreveport.html on how hot or cold the table is running.
In the short run, going by your gut may seem to work; but over the long run, every time that you deviate from established basic strategy will cost you money.
Perhaps the idea of memorizing basic strategy still seems a little intimidating.
Basic strategy is actually just that—fairly basic.
I honestly think that almost anyone can learn the optimal way to play each and every hand within a short period of time—some have within a few hours.
The gain for that one afternoon of memorization is immense, as I will show shortly.
However, if you are still apprehensive and looking for something less demanding, let me start with a stripped-down version.
This will reduce the house advantage of poker governor 3 free less than 1 percent and can be mastered in a minimal amount of time.
On 10, double against a 2—9, otherwise hit.
On 9, double against a 3—6, otherwise hit.
Never split 5s or 10s.
Soft 17 or less, always hit.
There are three simple rules that will cover a majority of the hands you will be dealt.
Number one is always standing on hard 17 or above pat hands.
These three rules can be mastered by anyone during a TV commercial and cover the majority of your playing decisions.
Next come the nerve-racking double downs.
The only other double is 9 against 3—6 when the dealer is weak and most likely to bust.
For hard totals of 8 or less, you simply hit.
Pair splits tend to disconcert some casino patrons.
Do you feel lucky?
There are a couple of easy tricks to help you remember these two groups.
The rationale for not splitting these two combos is that a pair of 5s gives you a total of 10, which is better to double or hit than to split.
And a pair of face cards is a solid starting hand of 20.
The strategy for soft hands, though often confusing to many, is reduced to a very simple form here.
If you have soft 18 or more, you stand; otherwise you hit.
Yet even this shortened version will make you a stronger player than almost everyone else in the casino.
You will be playing a game that will return more money to your pocket than craps, baccarat, and most learn more here machines.
However, I still think it is worth the effort to take the next step and learn the complete version of basic strategy.
You are giving up a are blackjack no cut card commit if you only eat frozen turkey potpies nuked in the microwave every night for dinner rather than gourmet meals prepared leisurely over a hot stove.
The extra gain will be worth the effort, and I highly recommend you take the time to progress to the next level.
With that in mind, here is a generic basic strategy.
Basic Strategy 29 Basic Strategy Hard Hands Playing Strategy 8 or less Always hit.
Pair Splits Playing Strategy A-A Always split.
Stand vs 7, 10, A.
Soft Hands Playing Strategy A-2 Double vs 5—6.
A-3 Double vs 5—6.
A-4 Double vs 4—6.
A-5 Double vs 4—6.
A-6 Double vs 3—6.
A-7 Double vs 3—6.
Stand vs 2, 7, 8.
Hit vs 9, 10, A.
A-8 or A-9 Always stand.
Despite the sincere advice of most dealers, pit bosses, and seasoned gamblers, you never make the insurance bet if you are a basic strategy player.
Many will swear this is the best bet in the entire casino—the only sure thing.
It does guarantee that you will receive at least some payoff for your snapper.
It is not all that common a rule, but is offered at many of the bigger casinos around the world.
This helps immensely on those nights when it seems like every other hand is a stiff.
The mathematics are actually quite simple—you surrender when you expect to win less than one out of four hands.
This certainly is far from the case.
Basic Strategy 31 Here is the correct strategy for surrender in a six-deck shoe.
If not, then you would hit.
Also on some hands, the correct play might be to double or surrender on your original two cards, but the learn more here play becomes hit when you have a three-card or more hand since those other options are no longer available.
The actual gain from surrender is fairly small about 0.
Also, it goes from being a marginal rule to a tremendous one when card counting is added to the equation.
A skilled player who knows the rough composition of the remaining cards can utilize the full power of the surrender rule and add immensely to his bottom line.
HARD HANDS Whether to hit or stand is the most common decision confronting blackjack players.
The vast majority of hands fall into this category.
Approximately 85 percent of the money you lose at the table comes from being dealt hard 12—17 as your starting hands.
So it is critical that these frequently occurring combinations are played correctly.
They pick up their cards, hesitate for a moment, then grit their teeth and hang on for the ride.
The chart on page 29 shows the exact way to play each and every blackjack hand you will ever receive, and most of it is not that different from the Microwave strategy.
For example, playing the hard hands is nearly identical.
The general theory here is that the dealer is often pat has a total of 17 or greater when showing a big upcard and the best course of action is to hit or surrender stiffs to reduce your losses.
However, remember to distinguish between hard hands and pairs.
For example, two 7s should be played differently continue reading a hard 14, and the correct strategy for splitting will be explained shortly.
Here is a summary of the hard-hand strategy in chart form.
The only difference here comes when you have a 12 and the dealer has a 2 you greektown blackjack pity a 3 showing.
The correct play is to hit on totals of hard 12 or less and stand on hard 13 or more, which is a minor change from the Microwave version.
These can be real moneymakers, and the entire trip often comes down to whether you win or lose these big hands.
The strategy for them is actually fairly elementary, especially for multiple decks.
This is so simple even a dog could learn https://indonesiaairsoft.com/blackjack/blackjack-tournament-casino-arizona.html without going to obedience school.
There are three hard hands 9, 10, or 11 where you double down, and the correct time to do this is exactly the same as in the Microwave strategy.
However, one of the hardest plays to make is pushing out a couple more chips to double on your 11 when the dealer shows a face card.
What scares most players away from this venture is the fear that the dealer might already have 20.
But the 34 Play Blackjack Like the Pros odds favor the brave in this scenario, and you will make more money over the long run by taking the extra risk and doubling down against her 10.
It never means you will win if you hit rather than stand.
It just gives you the optimal play to make.
Sometimes it prompts you to be aggressive by instructing you to double down rather than hit.
Other times it takes on a defensive posture and minimizes your losses with the weaker hands.
Both the offensive and the defensive components of basic strategy are displayed in pair splits.
A pair of 7s best illustrates this.
However, if the 14 consists of two 7s, then source also have the option of splitting rather than just standing or hitting.
And splitting the 7s turns a big underdog approximately 17 percent into a heavy favorite against a 5 or 6.
You also split for defensive reasons.
Getting dealt 16 against a face card is your worst starting hand.
You are dead in the water no matter how you play it.
Yet if the 16 is two 8s, splitting reduces your overall loss considerably from either of the normal choices of hitting versus standing.
It is the lesser of two evils, but easily the smartest way to salvage some money from a losing position.
Most hands, however, are split when the dealer is weakest.
This is also true for double downs—when you are fortunate enough to be playing against a 4, 5, or 6 upcard you typically want to go gangbusters, and get as much money into play as possible.
Against the bigger upcards 7—A you tend to split and double down much less often.
These are extremely important principles to keep in mind and will greatly aid your comprehension of basic strategy.
This might be a little more confusing to memorize, but you can divide them into more manageable groups.
You still always split aces and 8s and never split 5s and 10s.
The way you play any of the following pairs—2, 3, 6, or 7—is virtually identical: all will get split against any dealer upcard of 2—7 except for 6-6 versus 7, which is hit.
So that only leaves two hands—4s and 9s.
A pair of 4s is actually fairly simple to play and is split just against a 5 or 6 and only when the rules allow you to double down after you split.
Figuring out how to play a pair of 9s is a little trickier—you are supposed to split against 2—6 when the dealer is in troubleand also against an 8 or 9.
The logic here is that when the dealer has a 7 up they often have 17, and your two 9s already total 18 and will usually beat her.
Splitting the 9s against another 9 is a cost-saving defensive play, while standing against a face card or an ace is wisest because you will lose even more money by splitting the astuce pour gagner blackjack share such power.
But there is no reason to be intimidated or any need to consult higher powers.
The main rule from the Microwave strategy stated that you always hit video blackjack training 17 or less.
Staying on your A—5 is not going to win for you very often or make you many friends at the tables.
Again, the principle is to get more money out when there is the greatest chance the dealer will bust 4, 5, or 6.
Also, you might notice that you never double a soft hand against a deuce.
Doubling down with soft hands often will see more Basic Strategy 37 someone in the casino to raise their eyebrows.
But hitting your soft 18 may bring a look of disbelief from a fellow player or a sincere question from the dealer over whether your cigarette contains only tobacco.
The reason you hit A-7 is to cut your losses.
Though many players are happy as a clam when they reach a total of 18, it is still a losing hand against a 9, 10, or ace.
Remember that there is no way to bust a soft hand and many ways to improve it.
Some early blackjack authors like Lawrence Revere made a big deal about precision and the importance of never making mistakes.
His impeccable high standards scared many students into thinking they could never win at blackjack if they made any errors.
I totally agree with Revere that everyone should strive for the highest degree of accuracy possible in his play.
But the truth is that some miscues are really not very important.
There are several plays that are nearly toss-ups—it hardly matters what you do.
For example, 12 versus 4 will yield almost the same result whether you hit or stand.
However, hitting a 14 against the same 4 would be a big mistake.
Hitting a 16 versus 4 is a colossal blunder, and hitting an 18 against the same 4 a total disaster.
So not all aspects of basic strategy are created equal.
Just like in Animal Farm, some are more equal than others.
That is why the Microwave strategy is so brief on pair splits and soft hands.
These combinations tend to come up much less frequently than the hard hands, and how you play them will have a smaller impact on your overall edge.
The strategy outlined in the previous pages is a generic basic strategy based on the most common casino conditions where six- 38 Play Blackjack Like the Pros deck shoes are used and where the dealer stands on soft 17.
There is actually only one correct strategy for each different set of rules.
You typically only give up 0.
This translates to less than a hundred bucks a year for most recreational players.
However, if you do want to play as accurately as possible and I doit is not that hard to adjust your strategy for new games.
Kenneth Smith runs a great Web site at www.
I am much better at remembering what I read or see visually.
If it is auditory, I often miss key components.
A lot of good intentions crumble when you get thrown into the fast-paced casino environment.
There are several ways to learn this entire strategy.
You can do it by rows, such as the matrix charts starting on page 31, or you can condense it into a written version, like the chart on page 29.
Today there are very sophisticated modern methods of learning from computer software.
The industry standard is Casino Vérité Blackjack, a truly amazing program that has a myriad of tools for both beginners and pros.
Simply dealing cards to yourself on the kitchen table will not aid you in https://indonesiaairsoft.com/blackjack/blackjack-splitsen.html some of the obscure situations that rarely come up such as A-A versus A.
Therefore, the next chapter will contain a practice chart that incorporates every hand, no matter how remote.
I cannot overemphasize how critical it is to master the fundamentals before you step inside the doors of the casino.
Having said all that, I do want to reiterate an earlier point.
It is okay to make mistakes.
I made my share of boneheaded plays over the years and still was extremely successful.
In kindergarten I happily colored Santa Claus with a green crayon, completely unaware that I was color-blind.
My teacher thought she had another backwoods moron on her hands and demoted me to the remedial reading class.
But once I accidentally pushed out a big chip on a minus count a negative situation that favored the house.
The colors of the tokens in that casino were very unusual, and I thought I was making a small bet.
The rest of the day I was especially careful to grab the correct denomination before I made my bets.
Anyone can become a winning player.
And deep down, I think all of us want to win rather than lose.
Instead of being the victim, there is a way to turn the tables.
Blackjack offers everyone that opportunity if they are willing to put in a little work.
I told all my friends about card counting, expecting them to join me on the road to wealth.
However, most of them failed to share my zeal for the game, and their halfhearted attempts to become winners soon died out.
Eventually, I quit trying to spread my newfound gospel and decided to keep my rather unique vocation to myself.
Yet occasionally some people still discovered my secretive life.
Once, an old college friend, Alex Strickland, approached me to teach him the tricks of the trade.
Nevertheless, I gave him a copy of basic strategy and some practice charts to learn the obscure and unusual hands.
These charts are important tools because many card combinations will rarely come up in normal play and are easy to forget.
Following are some practice charts I devised for Alex.
The correct action in this example is for the player to hit.
The proper way to use a practice chart is by mentally or verbally giving the correct response for each problem as quickly as possible.
A random chart like this mixes up the situations and is more similar to actual casino conditions.
Hopefully, after many repetitions with this chart, basic strategy will become much more automatic.
Hit, Stand, or Surrender?
Many hands offer several choices, and some options take precedence over others.
Sixteen versus 9 is a good example to show the sequence of thinking.
Likewise for A-3 versus 6.
The initial decision here is whether to double yes.
Then, instead of reciting the correct basic strategy decision, you will give the true count number needed to deviate on that particular play.
For example, 16 versus 10 becomes stand on any positive count and hit on any negative number.
YOUR BEST BET Alex surprised me with his focus and commitment.
He quickly learned basic strategy, displaying an intense seriousness that had failed to surface during his entire four years at college.
After practicing at home for a while, we decided to make the short drive to one of the local blackjack games.
However, Alex was still an underdog, despite his newly acquired The Intermediate Player 45 blackjack knowledge.
Playing perfect basic strategy is roughly equivalent to winning 99 out of 200 bets.
This is close to even odds but still puts players at a slight disadvantage against the house.
Yet this is far better than other casino options.
The typical player trying to guess in which color the ball will land wins about 95 out of 200 bets.
Still, most people go to the casino to win and not just reduce their losses, and there are some additional techniques that can further shave the small remaining edge approximately 0.
They may look like regular blackjack but have unusual and quirky rules that dramatically increase the house edge like paying only 6 to 5 when you are dealt a blackjack.
Make sure you know exactly what you are playing before sitting down.
There are a couple of services available that offer updated information on current rules and blackjack conditions across the country.
With the proper knowledge, you can slice the house edge in half just by being picky about where you play.
That may not sound like much, but it really adds up over time.
A typical recreational player might make four gambling trips per year.
Finding games that offer the best rules is the most concrete way to improve your bottom line, but there are some slightly more abstract methods.
If you are fortunate enough to play at clubs that still deal single-deck blackjack, there are some additional ways to increase your edge without actually counting.
There should be an average of one face card seen this includes all 10s, jacks, queens, and kings for each player at the table not counting the dealer.
You could also reduce your bet on the next hand when you have seen more tens than normal eight in a six-spot game, for example.
This is a simple technique, yet potentially strong enough to make you a slight favorite overall.
The Intermediate Player 47 Surprisingly, many clubs still offer single-deck blackjack games.
The same principle can be applied to shoe games, but the gain is drastically reduced.
He then jumped in only when several players had split or doubled down and very few face cards were on the felt.
The information from this one round could theoretically bring him close to dead even, but it is not very practical because six decks greatly dilutes the value of each small card.
But is that possible without counting cards?
It can be if we add one more element to the equation— comps.
But for every player who knows how to work the system, there are a dozen people willing to burn through hundreds of dollars in their pursuit of a monogrammed T-shirt or a free hat.
Frugal individuals may not consider a comp to a fancy gourmet restaurant worthwhile because the tip for their free meal could cost them more than the entire price of a regular dinner.
But to others such perks are like the MasterCard commercial—the comp is priceless.
For them, the 48 Play Blackjack Like the Pros value of the comp far exceeds their actual losses which are easily forgotten.
In essence, he could take a few mini vacations per year with almost all expenses paid—if he played his cards right.
He suggests that you look for full tables and play as slow as possible.
The comp formulas most casinos use are based on hands per hour, and if you play fewer hands than the norm you are putting a lot less money at risk for the same gain in comp dollars.
This tends to make them overestimate your average bet.
Add in a few strategic bathroom breaks, and it is possible for a basic-strategy player to receive far more in comps than he should expect to lose in dollars.
However, a great example of a place where you can incorporate several of the tactics I previously discussed—and greatly increase your odds as well—is the Nugget in Sparks, Nevada, just outside Reno.
This casino has traditionally always had excellent single-deck games with good rules.
It The Intermediate Player 49 is also extremely generous with its comps and has a superb collection of restaurants.
The food and service always rate high in local surveys, and it is a very well-run, friendly club.
Norwegian Cruise Line has an outstanding comp program and offers one of the best and most relaxed casinos on the seven seas.
ALL-YOU-CAN-EAT Alex Strickland eagerly received this message of free food and expressed a willingness to milk the comp system like a Rocky Mountain goat.
Yet Alex was like most of us—he still wanted more.
There is certainly no disgrace in playing just basic strategy and merely breaking even.
By doing so you are far ahead of most everyone else in the casino.
Alex had a high IQ but struggled with high school geometry.
He assumed only someone with a mutant brain would be able to memorize every card as the dealer removed them from play.
I explained how card counting only approximated the distribution of high cards to low cards and assured him that almost anyone with the proper motivation could master it.
The idea that card counting must somehow be illegal is a fairly common myth, and is kept alive by some in the gaming 50 Play Blackjack Like the Pros community who want the public to believe card counters are common thieves or cheats.
This is far from the truth.
As I explained earlier, card counting is simply using your brain in the casino.
The very reason blackjack is the most popular table game is because people know it can be beaten by smart individuals.
Instead of keeping track of complicated ratios, he devised a counting system that was very simple to grasp.
He assigned a value of plus 1 to all the low cards 2—6 and a value of minus 1 to all the high cards 7—A.
This count was christened the High-Low hereafter referred to as Hi-Lo.
All of a sudden the lucrative gates to the world of blackjack swung wide open, even for those of average intelligence.
Since almost all the edge at least in shoe games gained from card counting is derived from raising your progressive betting systems in blackjack are flawed peace at the right times, the Hi-Lo seemed like the ideal system.
However, some diehards how to pay insurance on blackjack to squeeze the maximum gain from the tables and intuitively saw that more advanced counts could be created and higher edges obtained.
This was because not all cards have the same importance when they are taken out of the deck.
Hi-Lo lumped all the small cards together 2—6but there is a considerable difference between them.
Some have much greater impact when they are removed from play.
The following table reprinted from Knock-Out Blackjack, by Olaf Vaneura and Ken Fuchs shows the approximate gain or loss each card has when it is removed from single-deck blackjack.
Card Effect of Removal 2 0.
The strongest counting system would need to incorporate these subtle differences into their numbers because removing a 5 has more than twice the impact as pulling a 7 out of the deck.
More advanced systems are called multilevel counts because the cards have individual values higher than one.
The Zen Count level 2the Uston APC level 3 and the Revere APC level 4 have been some of the more popular multilevel systems.
In the following chart, you will see several examples of various counts from level 1 to level 4.
Another thing you might recognize is that several systems count the ace as zero.
Yet because an ace never busts any hand, it is hardly a factor for playing decisions deviating from basic strategy according to deck composition.
Therefore, the strongest systems are called multiparameter since they keep two counts—one for most of the cards and a separate one for aces.
UNBALANCED COUNTS Most counting systems are called balanced counts.
That means positive numbers are equal to negative numbers.
If you counted down a deck using the Hi-Lo system, you would start with zero and end up with zero.
The Blackjack simulator game count is the best known of what are called unbalanced counts.
This imbalance is deliberately created to eliminate the need to make true count conversions in blackjack.
The KO methodology is explained in detail in the excellent book Knock-Out Blackjack, by Olaf Vancura and Ken Fuchs.
Their premise is a very sound one— the authors feel it is mentally too taxing for most players to convert back and forth between running counts and true counts.
These terms will be explained more fully later in this chapter.
There is a lot to be said for unbalanced counts, and sometimes less is more.
The question is how much money are you giving up for something that is easier to learn and play?
However, losing less is still losing, and learning to count cards is the best way to reverse this negative cycle and make you a winner.
This amount increases slightly with the Hi-Lo count, but the difference between Hi-Lo and the KO count is negligible for most part-time blackjack players.
If you only learn basic strategy, you will still be far ahead of most blackjack players.
When I taught Alex Strickland how to count, I started him right off in the big leagues with Hi-Opt II because that was what I used.
This is a two-level, multiparameter count that requires a strong commitment to learn.
Today, if an aspiring card counter approached me, I probably would recommend a different route.
The reason is twofold.
Unless a player is going to make blackjack his passion, the extra work for higher systems is often unwarranted.
Also, many casinos now offer only shoe games, and recent research has shown that the simpler counts like KO and Hi-Lo are nearly as effective as the advanced counts for six- and eight-deck blackjack.
The best counting system for you depends on several factors, including the kind of blackjack games you play, how much click bet, and how many hours a year you expect to work.
I would consider all these circumstances before recommending any one count.
Remember how Alex Strickland always liked shortcuts?
Finally, out of exasperation, he suggested an alternative plan.
Rather than learning to count, he proposed following me around from table to table and simply betting higher on his spot whenever I increased my wagers.
The trick, of course, is identifying a good card counter.
Practically speaking, if you can determine that, you can probably count on your own.
However, some card counters have a certain look that sets them apart from the crowd.
The Advanced Player 57 Hi-Lo is easy to learn.
The twenty small cards 2—6 are counted as plus 1 when they are removed from the deck.
The twelve middle cards 7—9 are considered the neutral cards and have no value.
The twenty big cards 10—ace are counted as minus 1.
Conversely, if the big cards win the tug-of-war, the odds shift back to the house, and there is no betting advantage for the players.
This is best illustrated with the roulette wheel, which contains 38 numbers.
In such a game, neither the players nor the house have any edge on straight bets on either color—it is dead even.
However, suppose after each number was hit, that number was removed from the wheel.
Now you have a whole different proposition.
However, black moves up to become a 60 percent favorite with 18 spots left in the remaining 30 numbers.
As cards are removed from 58 Play Blackjack Like the Pros play, they forever change the remaining deck composition.
But whenever an excess of small cards +1 are removed, the odds slowly climb past the 50 percent mark and will give astute players a chance to beat the house.
Once you feel comfortable with that task, you can start keeping a running count hereafter called RC of all cards in the deck.
This is done by starting off with a count of zero.
Your brain would process this information into an RC of +1, +2, +2, +1, +1, +2.
Each card is added to the RC in the order you see it.
A small card adds 1 to the overall number, while a big card subtracts 1 from the total.
If you have an aversion to negative numbers, here is a graph to show how this works.
Next, go through the deck two cards at a time.
The reason is that many card combinations will cancel each other out in Hi-Lo.
Here are several examples of cancellation at work.
ᅑᆸ ᆵᆶ ᆻᆽ ᅓᆹ All of the two-card combos shown above can essentially be ignored when counting since their total value is zero.
For instance, if you ended up with a RC of minus 1, the last card the one you had set aside has to be a small card in order to bring the overall count back to zero.
If it was any other card, then you made an progressive betting systems in blackjack are flawed peace or two somewhere along the way.
Once you get comfortable, start keeping a tally of your results.
Your journal should show your time for each deck and whether the count was correct at the end.
The important thing is to not give up.
It gets much easier after a little experience.
It is actually good to have some distractions since that helps simulate the hustle and bustle of casino conditions.
I surprised myself by correctly counting down three decks in a row, clocking in at 21, 18, and 18 seconds.
My aptitude in math pales compared to some of the true geniuses of blackjack, like my buddy Mickey Weinberg, who graduated from Cornell.
I cite this example to show how simple this elegant little count really is.
Once you master the basics and understand the principles, Hi-Lo is quite easy to play.
PRACTICE CHART Lawrence Revere recommended that players carry a small practice sheet with them to learn counting.
Below is the one that I made and use.
It can also be tucked into your wallet or shirt pocket.
The Advanced Player 8-T A-6 7-T 3-6 2-7 61 2-6 A-2 5-7 4-9 T-T A-6 5-T 3-5 8-9 7-T A-9 A-3 8-T T-T 2-9 A-4 5-6 5-T 4-8 T-T 2-3 6-9 3-T 3-9 T-T A-9 6-T 7-9 T-T 5-9 3-T A-T 4-T A-5 4-6 6-T 5-6 7-T 3-7 2-2 2-7 A-9 T-T 2-T 8-T 7-7 T-T 2-8 8-T 3-7 T-T 6-5 T-T 9-T 4-5 6-7 4-9 5-8 2-5 3-5 6-8 A-4 8-T A-8 T-T 9-T 3-T 8-9 click to see more 4-T 5-7 3-5 T-T 3-8 4-7 3-5 3-T A-6 6-8 4-T 7-T 6-9 T-T 3-4 4-T A-7 T-T 2-7 3-6 T-T 2-6 A-T 2-4 2-7 A-2 2-T 2-7 A-5 T-T 4-T 4-5 5-T T-T 8-T 2-3 3-T T-T 5-T A-6 3-T 3-4 4-6 2-8 7-8 3-T 7-T 5-T 8-9 2-5 9-T 6-7 A-T 2-3 T-T A-5 8-T 4-9 5-9 6-T T-9 3-T 4-7 9-T 4-T 4-8 9-T 6-T T-T 7-8 A-8 5-T 2-5 T-T A-4 A-T 2-9 A-2 RUNNING COUNT Nearly all the advantage a card counter gains over the house in a shoe game six- or eight-deck comes from betting.
Play decisions matter very little comparatively.
It is possible to glean most of this gain without reading much farther.
If you have more or less than this amount, just adjust the numbers accordingly.
What every skilled blackjack player is looking for is a high plus count.
That indicates there is an excess of big cards 10—ace left in the remainder of the shoe, which will favor the players rather than the house.
A crude betting strategy to take advantage of these positive counts would be to hike 62 Play Blackjack Like the Pros up your bet during the high counts and stick with your minimum bet the rest of the time.
Stick with casino rules of blackjack bet any time the RC is +4 or less this includes all negative numbers.
Doing this will make overall winners out of disciplined players.
If you go up or down from there, you will rarely dip into negative digits, and if you do, that might be a good time to leave the table anyway.
The Advanced Player 63 I never had any problems adding or subtracting negative integers, although I know some players who do.
TRUE COUNT The only reason I expect to have more winning days than losing ones is because I raise my bets during positive counts.
This would also be the simplest betting scheme.
A smarter approach is to modify your bets so they are in proportion to the actual edge you have on any given hand.
A rule of thumb is that the higher the count goes into the positive numbers, the larger your edge.
This is why the chart shows incremental increases in your bets based on how high the RC rises.
However, most counters never base their bets just on the RC because the value of the count changes depending on how many cards remain to be played.
Yet you would need to remove six 4s harrahs cherokee blackjack rules of a six-deck shoe to cause the same shift in the house advantage.
Here is a great way to illustrate that principle.
But if you were to add only one teaspoon of sugar to the entire pitcher of lemonade, the sweetener would be greatly diluted.
It would take six teaspoons if there were six glasses of lemonade in the pitcher to accomplish a similar effect.
The same concept applies to the true count, as the effect of each individual card value is diluted depend- 64 Play Blackjack Like the Pros ing on how many decks are used.
The bigger the pitcher or shoe, the less effect each teaspoon of sugar or small card will have.
Therefore, the only way to know the proper proportion and correct odds is with a true count hereafter called TC.
This conversion process scares off many players, but it can be learned with a little practice.
This TC provides a much more accurate gauge for the proportions of high cards to low cards over the remainder of the shoe than an RC.
To calculate a TC, it does not matter how many decks you started with, just how many are left to play.
Each number in the TC is called a true point and is worth about 0.
In other words, every time the TC rises one point, your edge goes up 0.
In most games, a TC of +1 brings you back to about even or slightly ahead of the house, and every positive number over that increases your advantage.
For example, a TC of +3 yields about a 1 percent edge and a TC of +5 close to 2 percent.
Here is how the thought process to determine that number works: The TC of +5 is multiplied times 0.
This gives a learn more here of 2.
That leaves a total of approximately 2 percent for your edge.
You can readily see how this more precise information allows you to bet correctly.
However, you must be able to convert the RC to the TC to take advantage of this data.
The Advanced Player 65 TRUE-COUNT ADJUSTMENTS There are several training techniques to learn TC adjustments for shoes.
With practice, I became adept at eyeballing the different packs so that I could readily recognize progressive betting systems in blackjack are flawed peace many half-decks sat in the discard rack.
Today, I would recommend only adjusting by whole decks rather than half-decks.
There is not a lot of gain from the additional precision, and it is much easier to estimate the cards in the discard rack to the closest deck.
The previous example would then look like this: the RC of +9 divided by 4 yields a TC of +2 actually 2.
However, I still suggest you buy a few decks and perhaps even a discard rack for practice.
Here is a great way to learn estimates for the six-deck shoe.
You want to use casino cards because the thickness of regular store-bought decks is often markedly different.
Once you get home, take out a permanent marker and number each card sequentially from 1 to 260.
At this point you need to be careful to always keep them in this order.
The exact card number for two decks in the discard rack is 104 number written by the Magic Marker.
Anything reasonably close to that is accurate enough for TC conversions.
However, if you guessed two decks were in the rack and the card number read 140, you were well off—it was much closer to three decks 156 cards than to two decks 104 cards.
This technique can be used whether you decide to round to the nearest deck or half-deck.
TRUE-COUNT Click at this page You can also mix in TC conversion practice by adding in another separate deck it is smart to purchase a different color to avoid confusion and comingling.
This represents an imaginary RC number for practice.
Say you turned over the 8 of clubs.
So 8 the RC needs to be divided by 4, which gives a TC of 2.
You can do this with several different cards, one after another, to practice this conversion before moving on to a different number of decks in the discard rack.
You can also use red cards hearts and diamonds to imitate minus numbers and black spades and clubs for positive.
Decks Remaining CF 8.
This is easier than it sounds.
If you ignored the decimal point for a moment, most of the time in shoe games you multiply by 1, 2, or 3, which is very easy.
This is when many close decisions come into play and much more of your money is risked.
Here are the conversion factors for what is generally the last deck dealt out of a shoe.
Decks Remaining CF 2.
The reason I list.
PLAY DECISIONS Determining the TC will help in two ways.
The main advantage is in being able to bet the correct amounts at the right times.
One important thing to remember is that a negative RC always equals a negative TC.
So if you are calculating a TC only to determine your bet, you can save yourself the effort on any negative number because you will never change your bet with the Hi-Lo system until the RC rises over into the positive side.
The other reason you need a TC rather than just a RC is so you can vary your play decisions from basic strategy according to the count.
It may sound stupid, after I took so much time explaining the importance of basic strategy, to tell you now that there are occasions when you throw it out the window.
But there are very good reasons for these exceptions.
When an excess of face cards are left in the shoe, it is sometimes wiser to stand on your stiffs and let the dealer bust.
The correct time to deviate from basic strategy is determined by a matrix number.
However, you still play basic strategy on the vast majority of your hands.
Don Schlesinger, the gifted author of Blackjack Attack, determined the most important hands for changing your play from basic strategy.
Eliot Jacobson for six-deck shoes to use during those critical situations.
For example, now there are times when it is correct to stand with your 15 versus a face card TC of +5 or higher even though that is contrary to basic strategy.
Taking advantage of this additional information derived from the count to alter some of your plays will increase your edge over the house.
You always want to round the TC down for playing decisions, and you only deviate from basic strategy if the TC equals or exceeds that number.
Another tip is that in shoe games the TC is almost always less than the RC.
A conversion is never required unless the RC is at least higher than the matrix number you need.
Any fraction of +5 will be less than +5.
The best way to resolve such close calls is to go with basic strategy and err on the side of safety.
TACKLING THE TABLES This chapter contains all the basics for you to become an overall winner at the casinos.
Disciplined players who adhere to the proper strategies will win far more often than those who play blackjack by the seat of their pants.
The important principle is to only use what you are able to master.
A little knowledge sometimes can be a dangerous thing, and every time good information is dispersed to the gaming public it usually creates more losing players than winners.
However, it is very important not to rush this process.
Practice should be done at home, not at the casinos.
The cost of your education in the real world can be very high.
It is better to start slow and work your way up to higher chip levels.
However, more chips wait for you at each additional rung of the ladder.
The higher you are willing to climb, the larger the gain.
And those chosen few who are diligent and serious about their blackjack game can join the ranks of the true upper class in blackjack—the pros.
The HiLo system is more than adequate for most players and situations.
However, there are scenarios in which it is wiser to use a more advanced count.
It hinges on three variables—bankroll, number of hours played, and quality of games selected.
Anyone who expects to bet big at the tables should seriously consider learning a more complicated system.
A level 2 count will win close to 10 percent more per hour in shoe games than the Hi-Lo.
But if you increase either the average bet or hours played, that little bit extra can become a huge gain.
The other factor to take into consideration is the quality of the blackjack games you play.
Card counters should always seek out the best conditions and rules.
The next chapter will give some of my criteria for choosing the cream of the crop, but a general rule of thumb is this: the better the game, the more important your counting system, since advantageous rules or deeper penetration yields greater gain with an advanced counting system.
This is most notable in handheld blackjack games.
The difference can be huge in single-deck blackjack when playing with an advanced count as opposed to Hi-Lo.
For this reason, I recommend that anyone who plans on playing big money, serious hours, or a lot of handheld blackjack study a stronger count.
But there is an additional learning curve, and these systems will only increase your bottom line if you are able to use them in the casino without overtaxing your brain.
Most computer simulations show that the More info II count is the consider, don johnson blackjack reddit topic system although there is little actual difference between the best multilevel counts.
Hi-Opt II is what I use, and I would never consider tackling the best games using only Hi-Lo.
Most of the juicy, single-deck blackjack games are now becoming a thing of the past—almost as dead as the dinosaurs.
But many authors have prematurely predicted the demise of great conditions The Professional Player 73 before.
Other high-stakes players gave up on handheld blackjack and only played shoes, but I won over a million dollars playing just single- and double-deck blackjack.
Consequently, most of this chapter will show you how to exploit blackjack counter tool blackjack games.
The future of handheld blackjack at times does look bleak, and if you live anywhere in the Boston-toBaltimore corridor, it may seem like modern blackjack is only played with six or eight decks.
ADVANCED SYSTEMS There are two well-known counts in the Hi-Opt system.
Here are the respective card values for each system.
The only differences are the 2 and the ace.
The deuce is left out of HiOpt I because it is the least important of the small cards in the HiLo system.
The ace is not actually dropped, but is counted separately.
This is the secret weapon of multiparameter advanced counts, because it allows experts to play their hands much more accurately.
These are called ace-neutralized counts as opposed to acereckoned counts such as the Hi-Lo.
But let me explain the process, and you can determine whether it is worth the extra labor.
Either Hi-Opt count can be learned in the same fashion as HiLo.
Obviously, the individual values for some cards are different, but the practice drills will work in an identical manner.
However, it is helpful training to use a pack of cards with four extra aces a loaded deck to help prepare you for side-counting aces in a double deck game.
The second step is learning how to keep track of those allimportant aces, since your count no longer compensates for them.
Many players simply keep two counts going in their head, such as +5 and 2, meaning an RC of +5 with two aces gone.
I think a better version of that is to use letters at least with single and double decks.
The previous example would instead be 5 B, meaning an RC of +5 and two aces B being the second letter in the alphabet.
This trick works pretty well except for those who missed Sesame Street the week it covered the alphabet.
However, I feel the best approach is to not fry your brain trying to manage two counts simultaneously in your mind.
I employed the Uston method from Million Dollar Blackjack and counted them on my feet.
Here is a table to show how that works.
The footwork required to perform this side count can be a little tricky to learn.
Once you have learned a method that works well for you, you need to know how to process the information.
This is actually the hard part.
ACE ADJUSTMENTS Normally, one ace should be seen for every thirteen cards.
If there is any disparity from the usual number, the RC needs to be adjusted.
This is generally only done for betting situations, and then only when the adjustment might make a difference on the amount you will wager.
This may sound a little complicated, so let share how much are face cards in blackjack consider give you a few examples to show how it works.
If you were playing in a double-deck game and approximately half a deck twenty-six cards had been played, you should have seen two aces.
However, if only one ace had https://indonesiaairsoft.com/blackjack/odds-of-royal-match-in-blackjack.html, you have a situation in which the remaining cards are slightly ace rich by one ace.
You then need to adjust the RC up or down by the excess or shortage of aces.
In this case you would add either +1 for Hi-Opt I or +2 for Hi-Opt II to the RC before making your TC conversion.
The chart that follows gives a few more examples of this process using Hi-Opt I.
The column for aces shows how many aces were actually played, with the number in parentheses representing the number of aces that should have been seen at that point.
The column ADJ adjustment shows how much of an adjustment depending on the disparity of aces needs to be made on the RC.
You should have seen one ace, but instead, two have already come out.
This difference of one ace needs to be subtracted ADJ from the RC +5 to get an ARC adjusted running count of +4.
In this example, the excess ace reduced the count slightly.
The ARC is then multiplied by the CF to give the correct TC for betting +4 Ă—.
After this is done, you revert back to the original RC.
These numbers are for Hi-Opt I, in which you adjust 1 for every ace.
The same principles from the double-deck chart could be used to adjust for aces in a single-deck game, except the number of normal aces would be different.
This means that it is only necessary to make TC calculations on close decisions.
Often, the number needed to stand or to increase your bet will be evident without having to go through the several The Professional Player 77 steps of adjusting the RC.
Playing single deck at full tables where they deal two rounds is especially a snap because you only need to make one TC decision per deck for betting between each round.
I will explain the technique I use, although the important thing is not so much the methodology, but its consistency.
Never count cards in a random manner because you will inevitably miss a few or count some twice.
Once again, consistency is the key here.
Then I count my hand and any other hand that I can see every time.
After that I 78 Play Blackjack Like the Pros count all the other cards as they are exposed—hits, busts, double downs.
However, there are occasions where I do change my methodology, because sometimes gleaning a little extra information can change the play and save a big hand.
The most common time to do this is on the second round at a full table.
If you have a close decision to resolve, try to view as many cards as possible.
Let me give you a couple of additional examples of proper times to break procedure.
And in a one-deck game, there is actually a much stronger technique to take advantage of this edge.
If your insurance count reaches zero, the proportion of nonface cards to face cards will be exactly 2 to 1 32 to 16, for instance, instead of 36 to 16, which is the starting point in a 52-card deck and insurance would be a break-even bet.
Any positive number indicates that you have an edge and should take insurance.
Immediately after making the insurance decision, you should revert to your normal count and use that for the rest of the deck.
ESTIMATING On particularly close decisions, I obviously try to see as many cards as possible, and a few tricks help you increase your knowledge.
One way is to show your hand to another player whose cards are hidden from your view.
Doing this may encourage him to commiserate with The Professional Player 79 you and show his hand in return.
Remember, blackjack is radically different than poker because all players battle against the dealer and not each other.
This is done by observing how someone normally plays his cards.
A borderline insurance bet offers a good example.
Therefore, it is reasonable to shift my decision based on this information.
Seeing another 6 might change the correct play to stand.
CARD EATING Another tactic that works particularly well is a technique called card eating.
Some blackjack authors recommend spreading to two hands on high plus counts.
The theory, obviously, is to get as much money into play as possible during advantageous situations.
However, experience has led me to disagree with this advice for two reasons.
Many pit bosses have been conditioned over the years to view players who frequently raise their bets with suspicion.
The other reason is related to the fact that I normally prefer to play alone or with as few other players as possible.
In that setting, spreading to multiple hands will greatly reduce the number of rounds you will receive overall.
In other words, spreading horizontally may not put that much more money into action.
I learned early on from Ken Uston that the best strategy is to spread vertically, not horizontally.
So when I raise my bet, I stick to one spot, increasing the stack higher, rather than going sideways.
Ironically, the only time I go horizontal other than sleeping is when the count falls into the negative numbers.
This is called card eating.
This tactic can increase a 1 to 3 spread to the equivalent of 1 to 4 or more, depending on the number of players.
However, it is unwise to employ too much precision in betting.
Same story on the top end.
Mixing together several colors can confuse the pit.
The Professional Player 81 PREFERENTIAL SHUFFLING Since single- and double-deck blackjack are so easy to beat, you probably wonder why anyone would ever play shoes.
There are three reasons for this.
First, not as many handheld games are left out there, since most please click for source have gone exclusively to shoes.
Many highstakes pros avoid one or two-deck games solely for this reason.
There is just too much read article />This is a losing game.
Some paranoid clubs routinely instruct their dealers to do this whenever a player triples his previous bet.
What constitutes adequate penetration can vary depending on the game, the rules, and the amount of bet spread you use.
If penetration is usually 70 percent, but drops to 50 percent on the high plus counts, you are facing an uphill battle even with great rules.
For this reason, I always count the number of rounds whenever I 82 Play Blackjack Like the Pros play any handheld blackjack game.
Below is a chart listing the CF conversion factors I use for each round of a single-deck game.
Some numbers are slightly rounded since a small difference between the play and bet decisions occurs each round.
I then multiply the CF times the RC running count to get the correct TC true count.
The second number after the slash is to show how many aces should have been seen at that point in the deck.
Suppose you are playing a single-deck game with two other players three players total.
With Hi-Opt II, the RC is then adjusted by plus or minus 2 to compensate for any disparity of aces from the normal amount.
Since there should have been one ace seen at this point, you add +2 to the RC +3the ARC is now +5.
The CF to use after round one in a three-player game is 1.
This is multiplied times the ARC of +5 to give a TC of +6.
You make a max bet.
This is multiplied times the CF of 1.
You make a medium- to large-size bet.
The third from blackjack tutorial strategy agree is the last one dealt at this club, so you no longer The Professional Player 83 make any conversions for betting.
However, you may still have a read article in which you need to make a TC calculation for your play decision.
In this case, the CF of 2.
One of the best ways to learn these numbers is to deal hands to yourself at home.
The easiest category to start on is the four-player game, since the conversion factors are very straightforward for that combination.
Also, remember to adjust differently plus or minus 1 for each ace if you play Hi-Opt I instead of Hi-Opt II.
However, here are the numbers for those seeking greater precision.
You can use the other foot to keep track of 84 Play Blackjack Like the Pros the rounds.
I use the exact same order, and if I need to go beyond eight rounds double deckI simply start over.
The bare minimum number of rounds that constitute a fair single-deck game are shown in the following table.
Players Rounds 1 5 2 4 3 3 4 3 6 2 7 2 Some of these combinations are better than others, but all fall within the rule of 6.
link rule refers to the sum derived when the number of spots and the number of rounds are added together.
For example, 2 players and 4 rounds totals 6, while 4 players and 3 rounds totals 7 which is obviously stronger than 6but the best games are rarely seen anymore.
You will notice that there are typically no good 5-spot single-deck blackjack games.
As I stated previously, I always prefer playing alone against the dealer and have often found single-deck games that dealt out six to eight rounds consistently.
This is a very strong game, and playing heads-up yields the most hands per hour.
Higher-limit tables keep away most tourists, but additional tactics help you avoid crowded tables.
One trick is to use props.
However, many players will only have shoes available.
By now, you can see how much work is involved.
There is a reasonably good compromise to this dilemma.
The solution is to play a multiparameter ace-neutralized system for handheld games and an ace-reckoned count for shoes.
Here is how it works.
If you want to play Hi-Opt I at a single-deck game, then you alter your count slightly and play Hi-Lo in shoes.
Only two cards are different in each count, and you could even get by using the same matrix numbers although it is better to use separate ones.
Here are the Hi-Opt I single-deck matrix numbers for the Illustrious 18 as calculated by Dr.
The Zen Count is extremely strong against shoes and is only slightly different than Hi-Opt II.
All you need to change is the 6 and the ace.
COMFORT ZONE If you are a serious player, you may eventually view the Hi-Lo count as you would white bread—it will certainly work for making a sandwich, but there are far better alternatives.
That is why I recommend the Hi-Opt systems, which I consider the Cadillacs of the cardcounting world.
If you are lucky enough to play a juicy single-deck game on a regular basis, then stepping up to a higher system is usually a smart move.
Otherwise, it may end up executing you.
Although blackjack is offered in nearly every casino around the globe, not all games are the same.
Playing at a casino simply because you like its decor or enjoy the pirate theme can potentially be devastating to your blackjack career.
A true pro seeks out only the very best games if he wants to become a winner rather than just another sucker donating the contents of his wallet.
Determining where you can win the most money takes a certain level of expertise, as there are a number of factors that separate one casino from another.
So let me show you some of the criteria I used in blazing my path through the maze.
Obviously, the easiest place to play is whatever club happens to be closest to your front door.
But if you live in some remote region, your options might be severely limited.
Perhaps there is only one 88 Play Blackjack Like the Pros joint offering blackjack within a hundred miles.
So you are left with a choice—either play in an inferior game or hit the road.
You fear that the escapist excitement your hobby currently provides will evaporate if you have to treat it like a job.
Here is a table listing the positive or negative consequences of some common rule changes.
Positive Effects Double down after splits +.
All of the changes are measured against a benchmark singledeck game with Las Vegas Strip rules, which was an essentially break-even proposition for basic strategy players it actually offered a slight advantage of.
Unfortunately, this Finding the Best Games 89 game is pretty much extinct now, but it remains a good yardstick to measure all other blackjack variations.
The number in the top far right of each table shows how much you would win or lose by playing basic strategy against that particular combination rules and number of decks.
However, none of the previous tables factor card counting into the equation.
For a basic-strategy player, the best game would simply be the one with the lowest house advantage.
But rules are only one of the criteria for expert players.
GAME SELECTION Being able to evaluate all the different variables is one of the most important skills for anyone wishing to make their living at the blackjack tables.
The fewer decks being used, the better.
In other words, one deck is easier to beat than two, and two decks is much stronger than six.
Eight decks should be avoided as much as a visit to your mother-in-law.
The second guideline is to always seek out the best rules.
Options such as surrender, double any two cards, or double down after a split always favor the players.
In my mind, this is the most important of the three main criteria.
Stanford Wong was one of the earliest authors to point out how critical this factor was to card counting.
Reno is a great example of this.
Many clubs commonly allow doubling down on only 10 or 11 and then make it even worse by hitting on soft 17.
Both of these restrictions hurt the players, yet the combination of singledeck blackjack with deep penetration can potentially become a very strong game, despite the bad rules.
So with those three principles number of decks, rules, and penetration in mind, let me explain how I decide where to play.
I typically go wherever I can achieve the highest return per hour of blackjack play.
The best rules normally are found wherever a glut of casinos provides plenty of competition.
This forces owners to offer more favorable options in order to grab their https://indonesiaairsoft.com/blackjack/how-to-blackjack-menaphite-thugs.html of the gaming market, because many gamblers are surprisingly astute about what they want in a blackjack game and will vote with their feet if a casino has bad rules.
Historically, Las Vegas and Atlantic City have been good blackjack strategy 8 decks for basic-strategy players who are looking for the clubs with the thinnest house edge.
They normally stand on soft 17 and allow players to double on any two cards.
Other clubs around the world also imitate these big boys, but there are many variations.
In less-frequented Nevada border towns like Laughlin or Jean, they usually hit on soft 17.
Mississippi is split into two sectors much the same way as Nevada, with the Gulf Coast typically using Strip rules like Las Vegas and the northern part of the state hitting on soft 17 like Reno.
While it is true that many small-town casinos are a waste of time, occasionally a gem 92 Play Blackjack Like the Pros arises out of the desert sand.
Wendover on the Utah border is a challenge to get to, but has rewarded its adventuresome explorers number of blackjack decks bet365 one of the strongest single-deck games on the planet over the last two decades.
Common sense would assume that pros only visit the clubs with the very best rules, as the difference can be half a percent or more.
That axiom would be accurate for basic-strategy players.
Yet as stated earlier, there are other factors besides good rules for card counters.
The trick comes in learning how to juggle all three variables penetration, number of decks, and rules to size up the best opportunity for your blackjack buck.
With experience comes better judgment and discernment on this issue.
I feel one of the biggest reasons novice card counters fail to win any serious money is because they play inferior blackjack cheating devices />You absolutely have to be ruthless in this category if you want to succeed.
BETTING SPREADS I stated earlier that the simplest betting strategy would be to jump immediately from your minimum bet to the maximum bet on any advantageous count.
However, this is unwise for several reasons.
One is that such a betting technique attracts undue attention from the pit, and the other is that it would severely strain the limits of your bankroll.
In the next chapter, on money management, I will cover optimal betting, but the basic premise is to keep your bets in proportion to your advantage.
Otherwise you face the very real possibility of tapping out and heading home broke.
The secret to beating the house at blackjack generally hinges on one fact: you have to bet more when there is a high count—and less when it is negative.
However, if you do want to be a strong favorite over Finding the Best Games 93 the house, then a spread of 1 to 4 will provide a powerful edge in most situations.
Since there are more max-bet opportunities in the handheld games, it sometimes is wiser to reduce the risk by having more than a hundred top bets for single or double deck.
Each bet consists of exactly four chips, and every bet is always capped by a red chip.
This could confuse the eye in the sky into thinking you are always wagering the same amount.
Casinos will carefully watch anyone who tends to change his bets frequently.
Most gamblers tend to stick with the same amount on each hand, and the few players who spread their bets up and down are often suspected of being card counters.
That is because I suggest you use a very large spread.
I accomplish this by being extremely selective about the games I play and employing large betting spreads.
Here is my personal take on this issue.
Far too many counters worry about casino barrings and never really get an edge over the house.
Some players get so rattled they come apart like a cheap watch whenever a pit boss comes near.
Shoe games are harder to beat, but they do contain several interesting quirks that can be exploited.
If your only available option is to sit through all six or eight decks, then a gigantic bet spread is often necessary to make it worthwhile.
This is because the house will have an advantage on approximately 80 percent of the hands in a shoe game.
However, starting off with the same small bet every time is often a dead giveaway that you are a card counter.
In those cases it is usually better to leave the table rather than drop way down.
In its purest form, you only place bets on positive counts and simply walk away or refuse to bet when the house has the edge.
Variations of this abound, the most common is to combine a check this out bet spread with the propensity to leave on negative counts.
But if you are in a club for a while, you might notice another person always raising his bets at your table at exactly the right times.
If you feel he is pretty accurate, then you can use him as a back counter for future shoes.
For example, say later in the day you are wandering around looking for a spot to play.
KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF CARD COUNTERS Another important quality a professional blackjack player needs is drive.
To stay under the radar of casino surveillance, I constantly moved around.
My bread and butter came from aggressively pursuing the very best games anywhere in the world.
While most pros habitually returned to Las Vegas, I visited small towns far off the beaten path.
Once, I drove all night to take advantage of a 2-to-1 promotion on blackjacks.
If you want to make a living at blackjack, you progressive betting systems in blackjack are flawed peace to have a strong desire to play only optimal games—wherever they may be found.
Card counters need a great deal of perseverance and persistence to overcome the many obstacles facing them.
Currently, tribal casinos offer some of the best blackjack games, and their number is simply exploding, especially in the state of California.
However, some players are hesitant to play in any unregulated site.
read article have one high-stakes friend who absolutely refuses to play on any Indian reservation since they lack the oversight of a gaming commission.
He fears there would be no recourse if he were mistreated.
While some large tribal casinos, such as the two in Connecticut, certainly rival or exceed the big dogs on the strip, the smaller ones are the most enjoyable to me.
They often have a rural American feel to them and are much warmer and friendlier than the megaresorts of Las Vegas or the sterile environment of Atlantic City.
This is the one area where more would-be card counters fail than any other.
Casinos can absorb virtually any negative swing, but many players are wiped out with one bad run of cards and never return to the tables.
If you doubt this concept, just try betting one-half of your bankroll on every high positive count and see how long you last.
My guess is the game will be over well before the fat lady sings.
Why do otherwise source gamblers occasionally overbet?
The main reason is that most of us live in a very nearsighted manner.
We look mainly at the dot the present point in time rather than the longer line of our existence.
If you want to be successful in the casinos, this myopic form of gambling is a dangerous habit you must absolutely purge out of your system.
The only thing that matters in blackjack is whether you win overall.
War provides a reasonably good analogy for this concept.
And your goal as a card counter is to win the war, not each individual battle.
And desperate people do foolish things.
If you are inclined to have this mind-set, here is a startling secret—the casino will still be open tomorrow.
It is critical to have strict guidelines for betting and to always adhere to prearranged maximum wagers.
please click for source you ever bet more than you progressive betting systems in blackjack are flawed peace out of a desire to get even, it is very unlikely you will be successful in blackjack.
Part of the fallacy for overly aggressive betting comes from the logical belief that a good card counter is supposed to win.
Accepting losses is an important ingredient to becoming a world-class blackjack player.
Whenever I speak to others about my vocation, they invariably make comments about what an easy job I have.
Or how nice it must be to just hop over to a casino anytime the allure of materialism bites and I need to make a major purchase.
Now, large casinos can easily absorb a loss like that, but they got to be big by plugging all the leaks.
And it would be bad business for them to allow hordes of card counters to descend on their tables like locusts looking for easy pickings.
Hence, there has evolved a cat-and-mouse battle between skilled players and the house.
The casinos tolerate a certain amount of damage to their castle walls, but the boiling oil is sure to come out if you try and scale too high.
This creates certain limitations on how much money individual card counters can scurry off with.
Practically speaking, it is hard for solo players to get in long days at the tables.
A full-time pro might only work three hundred hours over a twelve-month period.
So instead of raking in a million a year and spending his vacations on a yacht in the Mediterranean, his expected return each year drops down to a source more pedestrian number.
Therefore, many card counters are destined to spend their summers on the Allagash River in a canoe shooing away pesky mosquitoes rather than on a boat in the French Riviera fending off amorous Scandinavian blondes.
This is roughly what you will average per hour of play.
Hardly enough to quit the day job.
Yet thirty bucks an hour is still attractive enough to entice many people, especially when a few comped meals and shows are thrown in.
If you desire a greater return for your labors, there is a simple solution to push you into a higher wage bracket—just start with a bigger bankroll and bet more.
Your actual return will vary dramatically from your expected value EV.
Here is an example to explain SD.
One SD would range from 45 tails to 55 tails a difference of 5 either way from the average.
This would occur 68.
Two standard deviations would range from 40 tails to 60 tails a difference of 10 from the average.
This covers 95 percent of all tests.
A wild swing of three standard deviations would give us between 35 tails and 65 tails a difference of 15 Money Management 103 from the average.
This range covers nearly every situation and occurs 99.
The same principles apply to blackjack.
In the short run, there will be a wide range of results up or down from that number the mean.
All these are possible ranges during that short ten hours of play.
Baseball provides an excellent parallel to the swings a professional gambler will experience.
The New York Yankees traditionally are the best team in baseball.
Some days their mighty juggernaut would still taste defeat against vastly inferior teams.
Even with that powerful lineup, the men in pinstripes would still endure some losing days.
There would be some sequences of innings where they would be outscored, but over time their superior strength would virtually guarantee victory.
The life of a card counter is somewhat similar.
Even so, many days will test your sanity with devastating drains on your bankroll.
Even the best players still lose about one out of every three short trips.
This statistic surprises many who assume that once they acquire the magic secret code of card counting, they can treat casinos like an ATM machine.
However, reality is far different than fantasy, and the only way to 104 Play Blackjack Like the Pros prepare for these negative swings is to make sure you have adequate resources at your disposal.
YIELD PER HOUR OF DIFFERENT GAMES Earlier, I gave a rough formula for estimating how much you could expect to win per hour at blackjack depending on the size of your bankroll.
Throughout this book I will mostly focus on the big picture.
Consequently, some of the numbers will be more approximations than precise, hairsplitting fractions.
I feel it is extremely important to give players more of a general feel for how the game works.
Far too many blackjack books get lost in the minutiae of details and leave readers hopelessly lost on where to begin.
He has charts and graphs to cover nearly every nuance of the questions asked by the more technically inclined.

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